|Title||Exploiting spectral content for image segmentation in GPR data|
|Publication Type||Conference Paper|
|Year of Publication||2011|
|Authors||PK Wang, KD Morton, LM Collins, and PA Torrione|
|Conference Name||Smart Structures and Materials 2005: Active Materials: Behavior and Mechanics|
Ground-penetrating radar (GPR) sensors provide an effective means for detecting changes in the sub-surface electrical properties of soils, such as changes indicative of landmines or other buried threats. However, most GPR-based pre-screening algorithms only localize target responses along the surface of the earth, and do not provide information regarding an object's position in depth. As a result, feature extraction algorithms are forced to process data from entire cubes of data around pre-screener alarms, which can reduce feature fidelity and hamper performance. In this work, spectral analysis is investigated as a method for locating subsurface anomalies in GPR data. In particular, a 2-D spatial/frequency decomposition is applied to pre-screener flagged GPR B-scans. Analysis of these spatial/frequency regions suggests that aspects (e.g. moments, maxima, mode) of the frequency distribution of GPR energy can be indicative of the presence of target responses. After translating a GPR image to a function of the spatial/frequency distributions at each pixel, several image segmentation approaches can be applied to perform segmentation in this new transformed feature space. To illustrate the efficacy of the approach, a performance comparison between feature processing with and without the image segmentation algorithm is provided. © 2011 SPIE.