|Title||Mitigating the Impact of Psychophysical Effects During Adaptive Stimulus Selection in the P300 Speller Brain-Computer Interface.|
|Publication Type||Conference Paper|
|Year of Publication||2021|
|Authors||XJ Chen, LM Collins, and BO Mainsah|
|Conference Name||Annual International Conference of the Ieee Engineering in Medicine and Biology Society. Ieee Engineering in Medicine and Biology Society. Annual International Conference|
Stimulus-driven brain-computer interfaces (BCIs), such as the P300 speller, rely on using sensory stimuli to elicit specific neural signal components called event-related potentials (ERPs) to control external devices. However, psychophysical factors, such as refractory effects and adjacency distractions, may negatively impact ERP elicitation and BCI performance. Although conventional BCI stimulus presentation paradigms usually design stimulus presentation schedules in a pseudo-random manner, recent studies have shown that controlling the stimulus selection process can enhance ERP elicitation. In prior work, we developed an algorithm to adaptively select BCI stimuli using an objective criterion that maximizes the amount of information about the user's intent that can be elicited with the presented stimuli given current data conditions. Here, we enhance this adaptive BCI stimulus selection algorithm to mitigate adjacency distractions and refractory effects by modeling temporal dependencies of ERP elicitation in the objective function and imposing spatial restrictions in the stimulus search space. Results from simulations using synthetic data and human data from a BCI study show that the enhanced adaptive stimulus selection algorithm can improve spelling speeds relative to conventional BCI stimulus presentation paradigms.Clinical relevance-Increased communication rates with our enhanced adaptive stimulus selection algorithm can potentially facilitate the translation of BCIs as viable communication alternatives for individuals with severe neuromuscular limitations.